Posted in CSS Modal
1:43 am, May 14, 2022

Create a modal with only CSS

and HTML...

What is Create a modal with only CSS?

Usually when creating a modal you need to use a javascript library or some javascript to show and hide and create the modal element.

The following script uses the :target pseudo class to create this modal without having to use any javascript at all.

What can i use this CSS only Modal for?

You can replace your javascript modals with this css only modal, depending on the complexity of the modal you are currently using.

Preview of CSS only Modal

How to use the CSS only Modal

  1. Add a button that has a link to the modal id in this case its #demo-modal
  2. Add your modal content into the demo-modal container.
  3. Click on the "Open Demo Modal" button to show the modal.
  4. Click on the X to close the modal again.


You can see from the following code and demo that this is quite a functional modal, and as a bonus there is no complicated javascript used to control it.

Original Source

Slightly modified from the original code by @denicmarko

Create a modal with only CSS Demo

View Demo Full Screen View Demo New Tab

Create a modal with only CSS Code


<div class="wrap">
    <a href="#demo-modal">Open Demo Modal</a>

<div id="demo-modal" class="modal">
    <div class="modal-content">
        <h1>Create a modal with only CSS</h1>

            You can use the :target pseudo-class to create a modals with Zero JavaScript. Enjoy!

        <div class="modal-footer">
            Slightly Modified version originally Made with <i class="fa fa-heart"></i>, by <a href="" target="_blank">@denicmarko</a>

        <a href="#" class="modal-close">&times;</a>


.wrap {
  height: 100vh;
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
  background: linear-gradient(45deg, #dc3b3e, #3b99dc 50%, #3bdc90 75%, rgb(255 141 0) 100%);

.wrap a {
  display: inline-block;
  text-decoration: none;
  padding: 10px 20px;
  background-color: #fff;
  border-radius: 5px;
  text-transform: uppercase;
  color: #585858;
  font-family: 'Roboto', sans-serif;

.modal {
  visibility: hidden;
  opacity: 0;
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  right: 0;
  bottom: 0;
  left: 0;
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
  background: rgba(77, 77, 77, .7);
  transition: all .4s;

.modal:target {
  visibility: visible;
  opacity: 1;

.modal-content {
  border-radius: 4px;
  position: relative;
  width: 500px;
  max-width: 90%;
  background: #fff;
  padding: 1em 2em;

.modal-footer {
  text-align: right;
  a {
    color: #585858;
  i {
    color: #d02d2c;
.modal-close {
  position: absolute;
  top: 10px;
  right: 10px;
  color: #585858;
  text-decoration: none;

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